Sardis was the capital of the Kingdom of Lydia.
It was founded on the banks of the famous
golden-bearing river Pactolus. The legendary
King of Lydia Croesus (560-540 BC) controlled most of western Asia
Minor and made generous offerings to the temples of Delphi, Artemis
In the 7th C BC the Lydians invented the first coinage in history.
They developed methods
to extract gold from metal ores. Some of the highlights are the temple
of Artemis, one of
largest temples in Asia Minor and the Roman Gymnasium complex.
of the Gymnasium
was converted into a synagogue in 3rd C BC. Sardis is one of the Seven