The history of the city starts in the 8th C BC
when Aeolian Greek colonies settled in the
area. The city was founded on a hill overlooking
the Caicos plain. During the reign of Eumenes II
in the 2nd C BC, it became one of the cultural
and intellectual centers of the day.
With the invention of pergamena
(parchment) its library grew to rival in size, the great library of
Alexandria. The famous Altar of Zeus was here.
Pergamum was one of the Seven Churches of
the Revelations. The famous Roman physician, Galen was born and studied
ruins are separated into 3 parts, the Acropolis,
Red Courtyard and Asclepion, which was the
cure center of Pergamum.